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#!/bin/bash 

. `dirname $0`/functions


option	confdir		standard_option /etc/firewall
option	current		standard_option	current
option	backup		standard_option	backup
option	maint		standard_option	maint
option	hashsize	standard_option 65536
option	forward		boolean_option	1
option	filter		boolean_option	1
option	stateful	boolean_option	1
option	nat		boolean_option
option	conntrack	option_conntrack
option	modprobe	multiple_option


IPTABLES=/sbin/iptables
IPRESTORE=/sbin/iptables-restore


conntrack_args=( )


function do_help {
    echo "Usage: ${0##*/} <status|start|revert|maint|stop|route|block|help>"
    echo "                <new|gen|try>"
    echo "List of config.rc options (name, type, default value, current value) :"
    echo
    echo "   - confdir  : dir     ; def='/etc/firewall' ; cur=$opt_confdir"
    echo "   - current  : subdir  ; def='current'       ; cur=$opt_current"
    echo "   - backup   : subdir  ; def='backup'        ; cur=$opt_backup"
    echo "   - maint    : subdir  ; def='maint'         ; cur=$opt_maint"
    echo "   - hashsize : integer ; def=65536           ; cur=$opt_hashsize"
    echo "   - forward  : boolean ; def=1               ; cur=$opt_forward"
    echo "   - filter   : boolean ; def=1               ; cur=$opt_filter"
    echo "   - stateful : boolean ; def=1               ; cur=$opt_stateful"
    echo "   - nat      : boolean ; def=                ; cur=$opt_nat"
    echo "   - conntrack: var=val ; eg: max=1048576     ; cur='${conntrack_args[@]}'"
    echo "   - modprobe : mod arg ; eg: ip_nat_ftp      ; cur='${opt_modprobe[@]}'"
    echo
    echo "The configuration file is $opt_confdir/$opt_current/conf-$(uname -n).ipt"
    echo
    exit 1 
}


###############################################################################
# internal functions
###############################################################################


# checks wether the core firewall modules are loaded
# returns 0 if they are, 1 if not.
function check_modules {
    test -e /proc/net/ip_tables_names && test -n "$(cat /proc/net/ip_tables_names)"
}
}

# unloads all firewall modules unconditionally. Note: this can take some time
# if the session cache is heavily loaded.
function unload_modules {
    recursive_rmmod iptable_nat
    recursive_rmmod ip_conntrack
    recursive_rmmod iptable_filter
    recursive_rmmod iptable_mangle
    recursive_rmmod ip_tables
}
}

# loads the firewall modules, and sets some parameters. It is assumed
# that these modules are not loaded yet (check with check_modules) if unsure.
# If an error arises, the modules are unloaded and 1 is returned. 0 is returned
# if everything's OK.
function load_modules {
    local arg var val
    local sys1=/proc/sys/net/ipv4
    local sys2=/proc/sys/net/ipv4/netfilter


    /sbin/modprobe ip_tables 2>/dev/null
    /sbin/modprobe iptable_filter 2>/dev/null
    /sbin/modprobe iptable_mangle 2>/dev/null


    if ! grep -q "^filter$" /proc/net/ip_tables_names; then
	echo "Error: filtering module did not load correctly."
	unload_modules
	return 1
    fi


    if [ -n "$opt_stateful" ]; then
    	/sbin/modprobe ip_conntrack hashsize=$opt_hashsize
	if [ ! -e $sys1/ip_conntrack_max -a \
	     ! -e $sys2/ip_conntrack_max ]; then
	     echo "Error: conntrack module did not load correctly."
	     echo "    -> Check 'stateful' and 'hashsize' options."
	     unload_modules
	     return 1
	fi


    	[ -n "$opt_nat" ] && /sbin/modprobe iptable_nat 2>/dev/null


	for arg in "${conntrack_args[@]}"; do
	    var=${arg%%=*} ; val=${arg##*=}
	    if [ -e "$sys1/ip_conntrack_$var" ]; then
		echo "$val" > "$sys1/ip_conntrack_$var"
	    elif [ -e "$sys2/ip_conntrack_$var" ]; then
		echo "$val" > "$sys2/ip_conntrack_$var"
	    else
		echo "Warning: no equivalent sysctl for 'conntrack $var' in configuration file $CONFIG."
	    fi
	done
    fi

    # now load all user-supplied modules
    arg=0
    while [ $arg -lt ${#opt_modprobe[*]} ]; do
        if [ "${opt_modprobe[$arg]}" != "#" ]; then
            /sbin/modprobe ${opt_modprobe[$arg]} || { echo "Warning: could not load module ${opt_modprobe[$arg]}"; return 1; }
        fi
        arg=$[$arg+1]
    done


    return 0
}
}

# flushes all firewall rules in all tables, and sets the default policy to DROP.
# this function assumes that the firewall modules are already loaded.
function flush_rules {
    local chain chains table

    # filter chain has a default policy set to DROP
    for chain in INPUT OUTPUT FORWARD; do
	$IPTABLES -t filter -P $chain DROP
    done


    # flush all rules in all tables
    for table in mangle filter ${opt_stateful:+${opt_nat:+nat}}; do
	$IPTABLES -t $table -F
	$IPTABLES -t $table -X
    done


    # other chains have a default policy set to ACCEPT
    for table in mangle ${opt_stateful:+${opt_nat:+nat}}; do
	chains=$($IPTABLES -t $table -L | grep "^Chain " | cut -f2 -d' ')
	for chain in $chains; do
	    $IPTABLES -t $table -P $chain ACCEPT
	done
    done


    # it's OK now.
    return 0
}
}

# enables ip forwarding
function enable_forwarding {
    echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward
}
}

# disables ip forwarding
function disable_forwarding {
    echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward
}


# this function loads the specified policy file.
# it assumes that the rules have been flushed and that
# the default policies have been set.
# It returns 0 if the policy could be loaded, or 1 if not,
# in which case it may flush all rules again to protect the
# system.
function load_policy {
    [ -n "$1" ] || return 1
    if ! [ -r "$opt_confdir/$1" ] || ! $IPRESTORE < "$opt_confdir/$1"; then
	flush_rules
	return 1
    fi
    return 0
}
}



# used by start/revert/maint... functions. Relies on load_policy() but makes
# the output a bit more verbose. The first argument is the policy name to be
# displayed, and the second one is the policy file relative to the firewall
# directory. 0 Is returned if OK.
# IP forwarding will then be enabled if needed.
function verbose_load {
    echo -n "Firewall: loading $1 policy... "
    if load_policy $2; then
	echo "OK."
	if [ -n "$opt_forward" ]; then
            echo -n "Firewall: enabling IP forwarding... "
	    enable_forwarding
	    echo "OK."
	    return 0
	fi
	return 0
    fi
    echo "FAILED."
    return 1
}


# blocks new external traffic when an error is detected during policy loading.
function block_on_error {
    echo "Firewall: CRITICAL! cannot load any policy file !"
    # we'll block external traffic and enable internal one in this case
    echo "Firewall: Changing policy to block external traffic..."
    $IPTABLES -t filter -P INPUT DROP
    $IPTABLES -t filter -P OUTPUT DROP
    $IPTABLES -t filter -P FORWARD DROP
    $IPTABLES -t filter -F

    $IPTABLES -t filter -A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
    $IPTABLES -t filter -A OUTPUT -o lo -j ACCEPT
    [ -n "$opt_stateful" ] && $IPTABLES -t filter -A INPUT -m state --state ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
    [ -n "$opt_stateful" ] && $IPTABLES -t filter -A OUTPUT -m state --state ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT

    $IPTABLES -t mangle -P PREROUTING ACCEPT
    $IPTABLES -t mangle -P INPUT ACCEPT
    $IPTABLES -t mangle -P FORWARD DROP
    $IPTABLES -t mangle -P POSTROUTING ACCEPT
    $IPTABLES -t mangle -P OUTPUT ACCEPT
    $IPTABLES -t mangle -F

    $IPTABLES -t mangle -A PREROUTING -i lo -j ACCEPT
    $IPTABLES -t mangle -A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
    $IPTABLES -t mangle -A POSTROUTING -o lo -j ACCEPT
    $IPTABLES -t mangle -A OUTPUT -o lo -j ACCEPT
    disable_forwarding
    echo
    echo "################################################################"
    echo "Firewall: There was a critical error. Only established sessions"
    echo "from and to the firewall will still work. Everything else has"
    echo "been blocked, and forwarding has been disabled."
    echo "################################################################"
    echo
    return 1
}


###############################################################################
# special functions to handle config parameters
###############################################################################

# usage: conntrack <entry> '=' <value>
#    eg: conntrack max=12000


function option_conntrack {
    local arg


    shift
    arg="$*"
    if [ -z "$arg" -o -n "${arg//*=*/}" ]; then
	echo "Firewall: unknown argument 'conntrack $*' in configuration file $CONFIG."
	return 1
    fi
    set -- ${arg/=/ }
    conntrack_args=( "${conntrack_args[@]}" "$1=$2" )
}
}



###############################################################################
# exported functions
###############################################################################





# checks wether the firewall modules are loaded
function do_status {
    if check_modules; then
	    echo "Firewall modules are loaded."
	    return 0
    fi
    echo "Firewall modules are not loaded."
    return 1
}
}

# Load files from the specified directories in the same order
# the syntax is : { <dir_name> <description> }*
# It returns 0 if it succeeds, 1 otherwise.
#
#
# eg: $0 $opt_current Current $opt_backup Backup


function load_in_order {
    local file_found dir_found
    local file dir 

    file_found=0
    dir_found=0


    if [ ! -d "$opt_confdir/." ]; then
        echo "Firewall: CRITICAL: no configuration directory found."
        echo "          Please create '$opt_confdir'."
    else
        while [ $# -gt 1 ]; do
	    dir="$1" ; shift ; desc="$1" ; shift
            if [ ! -d "$opt_confdir/$dir/." ]; then
                echo "Firewall: WARNING: subdirectory '$dir' does not exist."
                continue
            fi
            dir_found=1
            for file in "conf-$(uname -n).ipt" conf.ipt; do
                [ -e "$opt_confdir/$dir/$file" ] || continue
                file_found=1
                if [ ! -r "$opt_confdir/$dir/$file" ]; then
                    echo "Firewall: WARNING: skipping unreadable policy file '$opt_confdir/$dir/$file'."
                    continue
                fi
		verbose_load "$desc" "$dir/$file" && return 0
                echo "Firewall: WARNING: errors found in policy file '$opt_confdir/$dir/$file'. Skipping to next one."
            done
        done
    fi

    if [ $dir_found -eq 0 ]; then
        echo "Firewall: CRITICAL: no configuration subdirectory found."
        echo "          Please at least create '$opt_confdir/$opt_current'."
    fi


    if [ $file_found -eq 0 ]; then
        echo "Firewall: CRITICAL: no configuration file found."
        echo "          Please create '$opt_confdir/$opt_current/conf.ipt'."
    fi


    return 1
}
}



# load current configuration
function do_start {
    echo -n "Disabling IP forwarding... "
    disable_forwarding
    echo "OK."


    if ! check_modules; then
	echo -n "Firewall: loading modules... "
	if ! load_modules; then
	    echo "FAILED"
	    return 1
	else
	    echo "OK."
	fi
    fi 

    echo -n "Firewall: flushing all rules... "
    flush_rules
    echo "OK."


    if [ -z "$opt_filter" ]; then
	# filter chain has a default policy set to ACCEPT if "no filter" is used
	echo -n "Firewall: setting default policy to ACCEPT... "
	for chain in INPUT OUTPUT FORWARD; do
	    $IPTABLES -t filter -P $chain ACCEPT
	done
	echo "OK."
	if [ -n "$opt_forward" ]; then
            echo -n "Firewall: enabling IP forwarding... "
	    enable_forwarding
	    echo "OK."
	    return 0
	fi
	return 0
    fi


    load_in_order "$opt_current" Current "$opt_backup" Backup "$opt_maint" Maint && return 0
    block_on_error
    return 1
}
}



# load backup configuration
function do_revert {
    echo -n "Disabling IP forwarding... "
    disable_forwarding
    echo "OK."

    if ! check_modules; then
	echo -n "Firewall: loading modules... "
	if ! load_modules; then
	    echo "FAILED"
	    return 1
	else
	    echo "OK."
	fi
    fi 
 

    echo -n "Firewall: flushing all rules... "
    flush_rules
    echo "OK."


    load_in_order "$opt_backup" Backup "$opt_current" Current "$opt_maint" Maintenance && return 0
    block_on_error
    return 1
}
}



# load maintenance configuration
function do_maint {
    echo -n "Disabling IP forwarding... "
    disable_forwarding
    echo "OK."

    if ! check_modules; then
	echo -n "Firewall: loading modules... "
	if ! load_modules; then
	    echo "FAILED"
	    return 1
	else
	    echo "OK."
	fi
    fi 
 

    echo -n "Firewall: flushing all rules... "
    flush_rules
    echo "OK."


    load_in_order "$opt_maint" Maintenance && return 0
    block_on_error
    return 1
}


# stops the firewall and unloads the modules
function do_stop {
    # stop forwarding
    echo -n "Firewall: disabling IP forwarding... "
    disable_forwarding
    echo "OK."


    if check_modules; then
	echo -n "Firewall: flushing all rules... " ; flush_rules ; echo "OK."
	echo -n "Firewall: unloading modules... " ; unload_modules ; echo "OK."
    else
	echo "Firewall: already stopped."
    fi
    return 0
}


# block all incoming/outgoing traffic, but allows local communications
function do_block {
    local table chain chains


    echo -n "Disabling IP forwarding... "
    disable_forwarding
    echo "OK."


    if check_modules; then
	echo -n "Firewall: flushing all rules... " ; flush_rules ; echo "OK."
	echo -n "Firewall: unloading modules... " ; unload_modules ; echo "OK."
    fi


    # we force some options to ensure proper blocking
    unset opt_stateful
    unset opt_forward
    opt_filter=1


    echo -n "Firewall: loading modules... "
    if ! load_modules; then
	echo "FAILED"
	return 1
    else
	echo "OK."
    fi


    echo -n "Firewall: Changing policy to block all external traffic... "
    $IPTABLES -t filter -A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
    $IPTABLES -t filter -A OUTPUT -o lo -j ACCEPT
    $IPTABLES -t mangle -P PREROUTING DROP
    $IPTABLES -t mangle -P INPUT DROP
    $IPTABLES -t mangle -P FORWARD DROP
    $IPTABLES -t mangle -P POSTROUTING DROP
    $IPTABLES -t mangle -P OUTPUT DROP
    $IPTABLES -t mangle -A PREROUTING -i lo -j ACCEPT
    $IPTABLES -t mangle -A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
    $IPTABLES -t mangle -A POSTROUTING -o lo -j ACCEPT
    $IPTABLES -t mangle -A OUTPUT -o lo -j ACCEPT
    echo "OK."
    return 0
}


# unload the firewall and enable ip forwarding unconditionnaly
function do_route {
    if check_modules; then
	echo -n "Firewall: flushing all rules... " ; flush_rules ; echo "OK."
	echo -n "Firewall: unloading modules... " ; unload_modules ; echo "OK."
    fi

    # enable ip forwarding
    echo -n "Firewall: enabling IP forwarding..."
    enable_forwarding
    echo "OK."
    return 0
}


# create new test directory
function do_new {
    if [ -e $opt_confdir/new ] ; then
      echo -n "A pending firewall config already exists, remove [y/N] ? "
      read
      if [ "$REPLY" != y -a "$REPLY" != Y ] ; then
        echo "Operation cancelled." >&2
        return 1
      fi
      rm -f $opt_confdir/new
    fi 
 

    local NEWDATE=$(date +%Y%m%d-%H%M)


    if ! mkdir $opt_confdir/$NEWDATE 2>/dev/null ; then
      echo "A pending directory already exist for this time, " >&2
      echo "Try in 1 minute or edit $opt_confdir/new" >&2
      return 1   
    fi


    ln -s $NEWDATE $opt_confdir/new

    if [ -d $opt_confdir/current/. ] ; then
      cp -a $opt_confdir/current/. $opt_confdir/new/.
    elif [ -d $opt_confdir/backup/. ] ; then
      cp -a $opt_confdir/backup/. $opt_confdir/new/.
    elif [ -d $opt_confdir/maint/. ] ; then
      cp -a $opt_confdir/maint/. $opt_confdir/new/.
    fi


    echo "Pending config ($NEWDATE) create in $opt_confdir/new" >&2


    return 0  
}


# generate ipt config file for host with genrules with pending config
function do_gen {
    _GENRULES=$(type -p genrules 2>/dev/null)
    if [ $? != 0 ] ; then
      echo "Can not find binary 'genrules' in PATH" >&2
      return 1
    fi


    if [ ! -e $opt_confdir/new ] ; then
      echo "The pending directory doesn't exists, run 'new' before 'gen'" >&2
      return 1
    fi

    $_GENRULES $opt_confdir/new $(uname -n)

 
    return $?
}
}

# apply new config but do not save it
function do_try {
    if [ ! -e $opt_confdir/new/conf-$(uname -n).ipt ] ; then
      echo "No config in the pending directory, run 'gen' before 'try'" >&2
      return 1
    fi

    local TEMP=/tmp/fw.try.$RANDOM.$RANDOM


    /sbin/iptables-save > $TEMP


    if ! /sbin/iptables-restore < $opt_confdir/new/conf-$(uname -n).ipt ; then
      /sbin/iptables-restore < $TEMP
      rm -f $TEMP
      echo "Error loading pending config" >&2
      return 1
    fi


    echo "Try succedded, run 'save' to save it as current config" >&2


    rm -f $TEMP


    return 0
}


# save the new config in current profile
function do_save {
    if [ ! -e $opt_confdir/new ] ; then
      echo "No pending config to save" >&2
      return 1
    fi


    if [ ! -e $opt_confdir/backup -o -L $opt_confdir/backup ] ; then
      [ -e $opt_confdir/backup ] \
        && rm -f $opt_confdir/backup
    else
      echo "$opt_confdir/backup isn't a symbolic link, can't save" >&2
      return 1
    fi
    if [ ! -e $opt_confdir/current -o -L $opt_confdir/current ] ; then
      [ -e $opt_confdir/current ] \
        && mv $opt_confdir/current $opt_confdir/backup
    else
      echo "$opt_confdir/current isn't a symbolic link, can't save" >&2
      return 1
    fi
    mv $opt_confdir/new $opt_confdir/current
    return 0
}
}

load_config